Sector Snapshot



Largest employing industry



Employed in Education and Training



with bachelor's degree or above

The industry

Education and training is one of the largest and fastest growing industries in Australia.

The industry includes early childhood education in kindergartens, primary and high school, plus further education at TAFEs and universities.

As a source of jobs, the education and training sector is the fifth largest employing industry.

Thanks to the recent introduction of 3-year-old kinder in Victoria, and huge government spending, this sector is driving the jobs market.

The workers

In 2020, the education and training sector employed 1,094,000 Australians--a  workforce that’s expected to grow by 118,000 to 2025.

Of these workers, 673,000 worked in pre-schools in 2020, a number that will grow to 743,400 in 2025.

The workers in education and training are highly educated, with 64 per cent having a bachelor’s degree or above.

Only 11 per cent of the workforce have no post-school qualifications.

71 per cent of workers are female, the second highest for any industry across the country.

Another large portion of the workforce (22 per cent) is 55 years or older, which suggests that retirements will create further job openings in the coming 10 years.

The future of education

The Victorian government is investing big into early childhood education and support for teachers.

Victoria was the first state or territory in Australia to make 3-year-old kinder compulsory and free for all kids.

This includes a $1 billion investment into 3-year-old kinder, which will create over 6,000 new teaching jobs across the state.

Part of this investment is funding for teaching courses, allowing eligible students to put $25,000 towards an undergraduate degree.

There are also incentives of between $9,000 and $50,000 to teach early childhood education in regional Victoria.

“Early childhood teachers have incredibly valuable jobs and deliver outstanding work – so we’re making sure they have all the support they need to thrive in their careers,” said Victorian Education Minister Ingrid Stitt.


Jobs in education and training include teaching or assisting at kindergartens and schools and other institutions of learning.

The Australian Government’s JobOutlook shows that most professions have moderate and strong future growth, meaning jobs will continue to open up in the years to come.

Some of the main occupations include:

  • Education aids
  • Early Childhood (Pre-Primary School) Teachers
  • Vocational Education Teachers
  • Teachers of English to Speakers of other Languages


Most jobs in education, especially teaching jobs, require a university degree.

To become an early childhood teacher, for example, you need a bachelor's degree.

Anyone who wishes to teach in adult education must take a Certificate IV in Training and Assessment.

Meanwhile, lower skilled jobs like teacher's aide can provide a pathway into teaching jobs.

Students who want to study early childhood education and care can study at a low cost or in some cases for free.

Apart from the funding support for bachelor’s degrees in this field, many certificates and diplomas are subsidised by JobTrainer or are Free Priority Courses.

Box Hill Institute offers the following education and training qualifications: